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    Nutrition 1

    Enumerate three properties of oil Mention three functions of cholesterol in the body Outline three important steps in carbohydrate metabolism Glucose phosphorylation is very important process in carbohydrate catabolism,mention two functions of this process Enumerate two differences between saturated and unsaturated fat Enumerate 4 important processes which are important in absorption of nutrients in the body Enumerate five exaples of animal proteins Briefly explain the concept of nitrogen balance
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    Microbiology 1

    1.Enumerate 5 major similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic 2.Function parts of the bacterial cell,mention 5 Mention 5 parts of bacteria cell List 5 characteristics of snail What are the 5 complications of schistosoma haematobeum Enumerate 5 normal flora of the body What are the 5 laboratory specimen taken in diaagnosis of mycobacteria tuberculae? List five types of fungi of medical importance
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    HMIS

    Sources of HMIS Data? Importance of data HMIS Tools Currently HMIS has added books Main Groups of HMIS books Key Issues in HMIS Authorized persons of HMIS Health Facility Management Errors Reduction during data collection. Challenges within HMIS Determine data storage requirements Tools required
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    sampling

    What is sampling? What are the types of sampling methods? What is random sampling and non-random sampling? Mention approaches for determining the sample size Bias in Sampling Common Methods of Data Collection include? Types of research tools?
  6. What does the term biostatics mean? Why do we need to study biostatistics in medical science? What are the applications of biostatics? What is descriptive statistics? What are the descriptive methods for qualitative data? What are the importance of data analysis and interpretation? What are mean, mode and median, and how do you calculate each? What is data interpretation? What is data utilization? What is HMIS (MTUHA) data analysis? What are the components of HMIS (MTUHA) report? What are the importance of HMIS (MTUHA) data analysis and interpretation at district, regional and national, level What are the levels of HMIS (MTUHA) data feedback mechanisms? What HMIS (MTUHA) statistics and reports need to be disseminated? Stages in the Data Collection Process?
  7. Define the following concepts of ecology: climax state, food chain, habitat, population density, socialization and adaptation. Explain the epidemiological models of disease causation. What are Factors in Causation of Disease? What are the guidelines in establishing the cause of a disease?
  8. What is ‗risk difference‘ and how is it calculated? What are the six advantages of cohort studies? Mention the six limitations to cohort studies? Mention characteristics of cohort studies? In a study of exposure of dye from a certain industry and occurrence of cancer of urinary bladder the following results were obtained. a) Calculate Relative Risk (RR) b) Calculate the Risk Difference (RD) c) Interpret the results 6.A study was conducted among workers and surrounding communities in a mountainous region of Tanzania to investigate exposure to iodized salt and occurrence of thyroid goitre. The results are presented below: a) Calculate Relative Risk (RR) b) Calculate the Risk Difference (RD) c) Interpret the results 7.A study was conducted among workers in a sheet metal factory to investigate exposure to asbestos dust from the sheet metal industry and occurrence of lung cancer. The results are presented below: a) Calculate Relative Risk (RR) b) Calculate the Risk Difference (RD) c) Interpret the results 8.In a prospective cohort study to determine the risk of exposure to arsenic and squamous cell carcinoma of skin, 600 non-diseased people were involved in the study. Among them 300 were exposed to arsenic metal and the other 300 were not. After a period of 10 years of follow up, 150 people among those who were exposed had developed squamous cell carcinoma while only 20 people developed squamous cell carcinoma among those who were not exposed to the metal Using the above information, work together to: a) Calculate Relative risk (RR) of developing squamous cell carcinoma of the skin b) Interpret the RR c) Calculate the Attributable Risk or Risk Difference for the disease d) Interpret the AR/RD
  9. What are the advantages of case control studies? What are the disadvantages of case control studies? What are the advantages of selecting controls from hospital or health facility? What are the disadvantages of selecting controls from hospital or health facility? What are the advantages of using special groups for controls? How is the Odds Ratio interpreted? In the following cases i.Calculate Odds Ratio using the following data. ii.Interpret the result (strength of association) In the following i] Calculate Odds Ratio using the following data. ii] Interpret the result (strength of association) In The following i] Calculate Odds Ratio using the following data. ii] Interpret the result (strength of association)
  10. What are the main categories of epidemiological studies? Mention types of observational studies What are the advantages of descriptive studies What are the limitations of correlational studies: Describe case reports and Review of records What is meant by Cross-Sectional studies What are the characteristics of Cross-Sectional studies
  11. danish

    Welcome to Pages

    Welcome to Pages! Pages extends your site with custom content management designed especially for communities. Create brand new sections of your community using features like blocks, databases and articles, pulling in data from other areas of your community. Create custom pages in your community using our drag'n'drop, WYSIWYG editor. Build blocks that pull in all kinds of data from throughout your community to create dynamic pages, or use one of the ready-made widgets we include with the Invision Community. View our Pages documentation
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